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Sunday, 18 March 2018

WAEC makes changes in exam timetable over Jumat service

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) has bowed to pressure and amended the part of its 2018 May/June Examination that clashed with the Friday Juma’at prayer.

The affected subject is Chemistry 1 and 2, which was originally slated for 2pm to 5pm on Friday, April 20, 2018.

The Director of Public Affairs, WAEC Nigeria, Mr Demianus Ojijeogu confirmed the slight amendment following reactions from Muslim Rights Concern (MURIC).

“For the sake of the people who will go to the mosque, the exam will be delayed till they come back.

“The paper will be delayed till 2:30 pm or 3 pm, when the Muslims will return from the mosque,” Mr Ojijeogu told Premium Times on Saturday “

Ishaq Akintola, President of MURIC, had said it was an “injustice” against Muslims, whom he claimed had become “endangered species”.

According to him, WAEC has been fixing examinations during Jummat time for some years which is “illegal, unconstitutional and unlawful.
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2018 UTME: JAMB gives latest about results

The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has urged its 2018 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) candidates to patiently await the results of the just concluded examinations.

The Head of Media of the Board, Dr Fabian Benjamin, stated this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Saturday in Abuja.

He said the board was working diligently to ensure that the results are processed and posted on the board’s website soonest.

Benjamin said that modalities were being put in place to ensure all the results are transparent and accurate.

He reiterated that the board was delaying some of the results because each has to undergo total scrutiny before being posted on its website to avoid cancellations later.

According to him, some of the results would be ready by Monday, March 19.

He also assured that all technical difficulties encountered to access the website were being addressed.

NAN reports that number of candidates, who sat for the examinations earlier, were yet to receive their results.

While some said that they received the reply of “your results are not ready yet”, others complained that the site says “you did not register for this examinations.’’

NAN also reports that the examination, which was scheduled to end on Saturday, March 17, ended on Friday, March 16.
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Monday, 5 March 2018

Instagram Voice, Video Calling Features Spotted: Reports


  • Instagram is found to include evidence for voice and video calling
  • APK teardown of the Instagram apps revealed the new features
  • Instagram refused the confirm the development
Instagram may already be your favourite app for sharing memories. But soon, it is likely to become a destination for your voice or video calls as an APK teardown of the Instagram for Android and Instagram Direct apps has shown some mysterious files that are pointing towards the new features. 

Facebook, the parent company behind Instagram, could use the voice and video calling support to take on Snapchat, which already faced criticism for a recent redesign.

The APK files of the Instagram and Instagram Direct apps includes button icons for "Call" and "Video Call" functionality, reports TechCrunch, citing Twitter user Ishan Agarwal. An Instagram spokesperson refused to give official confirmation on the new finding and told TechCrunch, "I'm afraid we can't comment on this one." However, there is a history of burying unreleased features within the app code.

Folks at XDA Developers claim that they've spotted a couple of strings within the Instagram app that are defining the video chat feature. Incidentally, a video call button was spotted in January that appeared to be testing internally.

It is worth noting here that while features to enable voice and video calls are new for Instagram users, these aren't something fresh for Snapchatters. Snapchat launched video calling support back in 2014 and added features to record audio and video notes in 2016.

Having said that, the addition of voice and video calling is expected to give a sharp edge to Instagram to fierce the competition created by Snapchat. Instagram already has Facebook and WhatsApp as the two platforms to make communication for its users easier and convenient than what they can get from Snapchat. Moreover, Instagram could enable calling support to Facebook and WhatsApp accounts to reach new heights.

As of September last year, Instagram has a userbase of over 800 million users - with 500 million daily active users. It lately brought features such as customisable privacy controls for Instagram Direct, 'Type' mode for text-only stories, and GIF stickers to attract more users.

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© Expy Multimedia 2018
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Sunday, 4 March 2018

WhatsApp for Android Now Gives You 4,096 Seconds to Delete a Message for Everyone

  • Delete for Everyone was introduced in November last year
  • Currently, users have a 7-minute window to delete messages
  • Now, the Android beta gives users 4,096 seconds to delete a message
WhatsApp's long-requested and only recently introduced Delete for Everyone feature looks set to get an update. The most recent WhatsApp beta (v2.18.69) for Android now gives users up to 4,096 seconds (68 minutes and 16 seconds) to delete a message for everyone in a chat. Currently, in stable builds, the window a user has to delete a message for everyone is 420 seconds (or 7 minutes). 

Depending on how well it's received, this extension can be expected to make its way to the stable build soon. It is also reportedly making its way to the iPhone app soon.

The change was first spotted by WABetaInfo, the WhatsApp update tracking site. The site notes that v2.18.68 WhatsApp beta version for Android includes an update to the Stickers feature that disabled by default - a slight modification of its icon. Since the news was reported on Friday, WhatsApp has released two more beta versions for Android (v2.18.70 and v.2.18.71), and WABetaInfo has spotted new disabled-by-default features like Locked Recording (locking the voice message record button into place when recording), and sticker pack size display.

Another feature WhatsApp was recently spotted in testing, but once again disabled by default, shows whether a message has been forwarded. The Forwarded Message label shows up on top of message if it has been forwarded from another, or same chat. The move if nothing classifies forwards, and could be amongst the first steps to combat spam and fake news. The feature was spotted in WhatsApp beta (v2.18.67) for Android. The same version also brought Stickers to Android - but can't be used.

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© Expy Multimedia 2018
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Almost No One Is Making a Living on YouTube

One of the main attractions of YouTube is that anyone can become a star. There are no gatekeepers. No talent agents or television executives need to be won over. Stars can come from anywhere. And they do.

Forbes' recent list of the richest YouTubers is proof: It's filled with people who post clips about playing video games or kids playing with toys. The top spot went to Daniel Middleton, known as DanTDM. He's a 26-year-old British gamer - and he earned $16.5 million (approximately Rs. 100.7 crores) last year.

But a new study finds that the odds of striking it rich on Google-owned YouTube - or even making a modest living - are vanishingly small.

Reaching the top 3.5 percent of YouTube's most-viewed channels - hich means at least 1 million video views a month - is worth only about $12,000 (roughly Rs. 7.82 lakhs) to $16,000 (approximately Rs. 10.4 lakhs) a year in advertising revenue, according to Mathias Bartl, a professor at the Offenburg University of Applied Sciences in Germany, whose study is one of the first to probe YouTube data for clues about how it works for creators.

Bartl found that it's gotten harder for new creators to reach the top, as YouTube alone adds 300 hours of video every minute and the biggest stars become more successful. The median views per video has plummeted to 89 in 2016 from 10,262 a decade earlier. At the same time, YouTube's biggest channels are gobbling up more eyeballs. The top three percent of channels got 64 percent of all views in 2006. A decade later, the top channels took 90 percent.

YouTube did not immediately respond to a request to comment on the study.

What's happening on YouTube is occurring across the Internet, where creators are finding that long odds of success in the online world are not so different from IRL (Internet-speak for "in real life").
In fact, they might be worse.

In music, song streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music have mostly benefited superstar acts. No one needs to fight a music label to get their song distributed, but getting listeners is a different problem. Less than one percent of songs represented 86 percent of the music streamed last year, according to the market research firm Nielsen.

And since no one buys music these days, making even a little money from streaming requires songs to be played millions of times. That's hurt the music industry's middle-of-the-road acts the most, the kind of musician who once could eke out a decent living selling several thousand albums a year and touring the nation without ever breaking into the mainstream. Increasingly, such acts face the pressure of going viral or going home.

In television, so many new shows are being made that no one can watch them all; nearly 500 scripted original series were aired last year. The traditional networks are being challenged by cable outlets and streaming services. That's led to plenty of new opportunities for actors and writers. But the new era has some distinct challenges, including shorter seasons and less predictable schedules that make it harder for many to make ends meet.

Competition among creators on YouTube is fierce, and that's also led to trouble.

In February, YouTube suspended all advertising on channels run by Logan Paul, one of its biggest stars, after a series of controversies, including videos he made showing his visit to a so-called suicide forest in Japan and jokes about eating Tide detergent pods.

Another star, Felix Kjellberg, known as PewDiePie, was found to have used a racial epithet and made anti-Semitic jokes in some of his gaming videos. He was dropped from Google's lucrative ad service for high-performing videos, and his planned series on the pay channel YouTube Red was canceled.

Now, YouTube is taking steps that make it even harder for creators at the bottom. The company recently said channels need to reach 1,000 subscribers and 4,000 hours of watch time over the last 12 months before they can start to earn money from ads. YouTube said the change is aimed at discouraging videos with objectionable or offensive content and that it would "affect a significant number of channels."

Bartl's study did offer some hope for YouTube aspirants - hints on how to boost the chances of financial success. YouTube offers 18 genre-like categories, and selecting the right one "is a highly significant predictor of channel success," Bartl wrote. The most popular categories over a decade were entertainment videos, which took in 24 percent of all views, followed by music and gaming categories.

But the chance of a channel making into the rarefied top three percent was best for comedy; entertainment; how-to and style; and gaming. It was worse for sports; education; nonprofits and activism; and people and blogs.

Bartl also noted that YouTube's upper echelons still featured a mix of both professional and user-generated videos, writing that "it does give hope that YouTube's 'broadcast yourself' rhetoric is not a complete fiction."

© The Washington Post 2018

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The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board has directed candidates for the 2018 UTME to start printing their examination notification slip from Tuesday, March 6.

The board’s Head of Media and Information Department, Dr Fabian Benjamin, said in Lagos on Sunday that arrangements had been concluded for the successful conduct of the exam scheduled to hold from March 9 to March 17.

We have successfully conducted the Mock Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) on Monday, February 26, and based on that, we can confidently say, we are good to go.

The mock UTME was to expose the candidates to the process as well as test the level of preparedness of the various centres.

Candidates can now go ahead and print their examination notification slips from Tuesday.
These candidates must ensure that these slips are printed before Friday, March 9, in order to familiarise themselves with the examination schedules as no form of excuse for missing the examination will be entertained.

We want to warn that the board will not reschedule any examination for anybody and so any candidate that fails to adhere strictly to the examination schedule as stated in their slips should have  himself or herself to blame.”

Benjamin, however, warned candidates not to go to their respective centres with prohibited items such as telephones, wristwatches, pens, and other devices.

NAN reports that over 1.6 million candidates are expected to write the examination in 602 centres  across the country.

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Friday, 2 March 2018

How to Back Up SMS Messages on Your Android Phone

  • Backing up SMS messages isn't a built-in feature on Android
  • You can back up your messages with third-party applications
  • SMS Backup and Restore is free and easy to use for this
If you're an Android user and need to delete the data on your phone, then you know that there are a number of good options for backing up your phone first. A lot of this can be done via the Cloud, so that the content can be brought back easily, but backing up your SMS inbox requires the use of third-party tools. There are a lot of different options on Google Play, but the question becomes which one should you use. Most of the popular ones require access to your Gmail account to automatically create and restore the backups, but if you aren't comfortable giving this kind of access, we have a good option you can try, which we used ourselves as well to backup SMS messages on our Android phone.

Here is everything you need to know about backing up (and restoring) your phone's SMS archive, which can be saved on the device, mailed to yourself, or saved to the cloud. This will be useful if you need to reset your phone to factory settings, or if you're switching to a new phone. We used SMS Backup and Restore, which was acquired by Carbonite a few years ago. Just follow these steps to backup SMS on your Android phone.

Creating a backup of your Android phone's SMS messages

To create a backup of all your SMS messages, you'll need to start by installing Carbonite SMS Backup and Restore on your phone. Once that's done, follow these steps:
  1. On the welcome screen, tap on Get Started.
  2. You'll have to grant access to files (to save the backup), contacts, SMS (obviously), and manage phone calls (to backup your call logs). Keep tapping Allow on all four pop-ups.
  3. Tap Set up a backup.
  4. Toggle phone calls off if you only want to back up your texts. You can also tap Advanced options if you want to back up MMSes or selected conversations; leave this alone if you want to back up your entire text archive.
  5. Tap Next.
  6. Now, using the toggles, select where you want to make the backup. You can choose Google Drive or Dropbox, but if you don't want to give access then you can turn on the toggle for Your phone, and then copy the file manually.
  7. If you're okay with the default folder tap on OK, otherwise tap on Browse and find the folder you want to save the backup in.
  8. Once that's done, tap on Next, and then in the popup, tap on Yes.
  9. You can either set a backup schedule from the toggles in front of you, or turn off the Schedule recurring backups toggle. Then, tap on Back Up Now

That's it, the backup will now be carried out. With around 13,000 messages on our phone, the process took under three minutes. Once you have the backup file, you can copy it to your PC, or save it to the cloud manually, without linking your apps to a third-party software.

Restoring a backup of your Android phone's SMS messages

After you've created a backup of your Android phone’s SMS messages, you can go ahead and reset the phone, either because you want to try and free up space, or because you're moving to a new phone. Now that you've made the backup though, what do you do next? Once again, you'll need to install Carbonite SMS Backup and Restore either on your new phone, or your newly formatted phone. Once that's done, follow these steps to restore SMS messages:
  1. Ensure that the SMS backup is copied to your phone.
  2. Start Carbonite SMS Backup and Restore and tap Get Started on the welcome screen.
  3. Tap the hamburger menu icon on the top left, and tap on Restore.
  4. Tap on Local backup location if you are using a local copy, or if you chose to use Google Drive or Dropbox, tap on the appropriate button.
  5. It should find the latest backup automatically, but if it does not, tap on Select another backup, and tap on the file you want to restore from. Choose from the toggles to decide what you want to restore, messages, and phone calls.
  6. Tap on Restore, and then OK, and Yes on the next two popups to get started.

That's all there is to it. The app restores all your messages, so you can pick up where you left off even if you're switching to a new phone. And if you're backing up your existing device, it is also checking for duplicates so as to not flood your inbox with copies. The process not quite as fast as backing up the messages. Restoring around 13,000 messages took around five minutes.

Once that's done, you're good to go and can uninstall the app if you want to, or if you want to schedule regular backups, that is also an option available to you. Since the app needs to be the default SMS application for restoring messages, you'll want to go to your SMS application and open it to make it the default again, but other than that, there's nothing else you need to do.

Was this tip useful to you? And do you have a preferred alternative for backing up SMS messages on your Android phone? Tell us, and the other readers, via the comments, and check out our other helpful tips in the How To section.

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© Expy Multimedia 2018
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Wednesday, 28 February 2018

Corruption getting worse in Nigeria – Transparency International

A corruption free Nigeria is the dream of every Nigerians but when we talk about its end then many questions rouse in this regard. The roots of corruption are not limited to government institutions but its kingdom is wide spread to almost every corner of society. We can say to some extent that society has been besmeared with corruption by all means.

Corrupt people in big government organizations, particularly those who enjoy political back are expert in inventing new scientific methods of corruption and looting innocent people and they remain free and safe. I agree to the content of cartoon that a corruption free Nigeria is a future impossible tense. In cartoon, student’s reply is grammatically wrong but as a ground reality, it looks true. In a laughing manner, cartoonist has mentioned an unfortunate but a true picture of World’s 146th most corrupt country. It is shocking that Nigeria has moved significantly from the 136th it ranked in 2016 to 146th in 2017.

While the country scored 27/100 and was ranked 136th in 2016, the latest CPI scores Nigeria 28/100 but with a rank of No. 148 out of 180 countries surveyed — a significant 12 places below where it was the previous year.

This will come as a blow to the President Muhammadu Buhari administration who came into office on the strength of his anti-corruption credential. Although the administration has put many suspects on trial and seized assets of politicians and government officials, it has also been accused of condoning corrupt practices by top government officials.

The index, which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption in the opinion of experts and business people, uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean, according to TI.

An analysis by TheCable shows that Kenya, which was rated more corrupt than Nigeria in 2016, has now overtaken the west African country, climbing to 143 from 145.

Other sub Saharan African countries ranked higher than Nigeria are Botswana — whose joint 34 rank is the best in Africa — as well as Rwanda (joint 48) and Nambia (joint 53).

Nigeria is ranked 148 along with Guinea and Comoros.

In 2015, Nigeria scored 26/100 and was ranked 136 — although only 168 countries and territories were surveyed then. New Zealand maintains the No. 1 rank with a score of 89/100, Denmark No. 2 with 88, while Finland, Norway and Switzerland are joint No. 3 with 85.
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Sunday, 18 February 2018

SSCE Frequently Asked Questions

The Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) is the final examination written by students in Nigerian secondary schools at the end of their six years education in secondary school. The SSCE is important for two major reasons.

First, the SSCE is a required examination before the award of the senior secondary school certificate.  Also, the SSCE is mandatory for admission into any Nigerian University, Polytechnic, Mono-technic and College of education.

The SSCE is conducted by two different examination boards: the West African Examination Council (WAEC), National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB)
and the National Examination Council (NECO). Students have the choice of either writing the two exams WAEC and NECO or just one of them. 

What are the differences between the WAEC and NECO exams?
The West African Examination Council (WAEC) is responsible for conducting the senior secondary school examination (SSCE) in several West African countries such as Nigeria, Ghana, Gambia, Liberia and Sierra Leone. WAEC conducts two major examinations in Nigeria.

First, WAEC conducts the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) for senior secondary school students.  The WASSCE is intended for students writing their final examination in senior secondary school three (SS3). The WASSCE examination is held every year in May and June.

The second exam conducted by WAEC is the Private Candidate Examination often referred to as the General Certificate Examination (GCE). The GCE is held every year in November and December. The GCE is open to anyone who is interested in doing this examination.

The National Examination Council (NECO) is the Nigerian examination board responsible for conducting the SSCE for senior secondary school students. NECO was established by the Nigerian government as an alternative to WAEC. NECO conducts SSCE examinations only in Nigeria.

NECO conducts two examinations in Nigeria. The first is the NECO senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) which is held in June and July. The NECO SSCE is intended for students in the sixth year of their secondary school education (SS3).

The second examination conducted by NECO is the external SSCE examination which is held in November and December.  The second examination is open to anyone who is interested and the NECO equivalent of the GCE. 

Am I qualified to sit the NECO or WAEC exam?
The qualification requirements for WAEC and NECO are basically the same. The May/June SSCE organized by WAEC and the June/July SSCE organized by NECO are available for students who are in their third year of senior secondary school often referred to as SS3.

The SSCE is the final examination for secondary school students after six years in school and is required to be awarded the secondary school certificates.

How do I register for the SSCE?
For the May/June SSCE, students can register at their secondary schools for a fixed amount set by the WAEC. Similarly, for the June/July SSCE students can register for the examination at their secondary schools for a fixed amount set by NECO.

It is important to note, that only registered and accredited secondary schools are allowed to register candidates for SSCE. All government-owned secondary schools in Nigeria are allowed to register candidates for SSCE.

Also, some private secondary schools are approved to register candidates for SSCE. If you’re planning to write your SSCE in a private secondary school ensure that your school is approved by the government to register candidates for SSCE.

Read Also: Buy WAEC, NECO, NABTEB Result Checkers PIN Online

What subjects can I choose in the SSCE?
The current SSCE curriculum requires students to take a total of 8-9 subjects. Subjects have to be chosen in the following manner:
  • English Language, General Mathematics and Civic Education are mandatory
  • A minimum of three and a maximum of four subjects have to be chosen from the students preferred field of study (Sciences & Mathematics, Technology, Humanities or Business Studies)
  • At least one trade subject has to be chosen
  • The remaining subjects may be chosen either from a different field of study or the trade category
Mandatory Subjects
English Language Genera lMathematics Civic-Education
Sciences & Mathematics
Further Mathematics
Physical Education
Health Education
Technical Drawing
General Metal WorkBasic Electricity
Building Construction
Home Management
Foods & Nutrition
Clothing & Textiles
Nigerian Languages
Islamic Studies
Visual Arts
Business Studies
Store Management
Office Practice
Trade Subjects
Auto Body repair and spray painting
Auto Electrical work
Auto Mechanical work
Auto Parts merchandising
Air Conditioning
Welding & fabrication Engineering Craft Practice
Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work
Radio, TV and electrical work
Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Work
Painting and Decoration
Plumbing and pipe fitting
Machine woodworking
Carpentry and Joinery
Furniture Making
Catering and Craft Practice
Garment Making
Textile Trade
Dying and Bleaching
Printing Craft Practice
Leather Goods Manufacturing and Repair
Data Processing
Store Keeping
Book Keeping
GSM maintenance
Animal Husbandry

Trade Subjects

How is the SSCE structured?
The WAEC SSCE and the NECO SSCE have a very similar format.
The SSCE has two major sections for most subjects – objective questions and theory. The objective questions section is made up of a series of multiple choice questions which give you several answer options. You will be expected to tick the appropriate answer as it relates to the questions.
The theory section is made up of questions where no answer options have been provided. You will be expected to come up with your own solution. For English language, Literature in English, and science related subjects such as Biology, Physics, and Chemistry the examination may have more than two segments. You will be informed about the exact structure before the start of the exam.
How will I be graded?
WAEC and NECO use a similar grading system to determine student score after marking their examination scripts. The maximum score or mark for each subject is 100%. The following grading system will indicate students’ score for each subject when the results are released:
A1 - Excellent - 95 - 100%
B2 - Very Good - 80% - 94%
B3 - Good - 65%- 79%
C4 - Credit - 60% - 64%
C5 - Credit - 55% - 59%
C6 - Credit - 50% - 54%
D7 - Pass - 45% - 49%
E8 - Pass - 40% - 44%
F9 - Fail - 0% - 39%
Students are expected to score at least 5 credits which must include English Language, Mathematics and one science based subject to be considered successful in SSCE.

What can I do to prepare?
In order to prepare well it is important that you familiarise yourself with the SSCE syllabus. At Expy Multimedia we have collected the relevant syllabi for you. Please click on the button below to acces them. Click Here

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